Category Archives: Solomon Nikritin

Solomon Nikritin 1898–1965

Solomon Nikritov was born in Chernigov. In 1915-16 he attended art lessons at the private studios of M. Leblan and L. Pasternak in Moscow. In 1917 he attended lessons in the studios of A. Yakovlev, M. Dobuzhinsky and E. Lanceray in Petrograd, and in 1918 he took lessons at Alexandra Exter‘s studio in Kiev. In 1921-22 he attended VkHUTEMAS (Higher Arts and Crafts studios) classes in Moscow, conducted by Wassily Kandinsky and the head of the IZO department of the Public Commissariat of Education, David Shterenberg.

Like many other avant-garde artists, Nikritin himself was involved in the Proletkult workshops in Moscow in 1921. The same year he founded the latest group of avant-garde fine arts in Russia, called Projectionists (or the Method). A year later he founded the Studio of Projection Theatre. In 1924 he took part in the First Discussional Exhibition of the Associations of Active Revolutionary Art. From 1925-29 Nikritin was president of the Art Research Council of the Museum of Painterly Culture (MPC) and the head of its Analytical Cabinet, were he led experimental research work. MPC was the only State-funded museum intended to collect works of the avant-garde. The MPC collection was the biggest in Russia. As of 1930 Nikritin was the main designer at Moscow Polytechnic Museum, and from the mid 1930s until 1941 he was the designer of the All-Union Agricultural Exhibition in Moscow.

From 1932-34 Nikritin was the head of the Department for Visual Art at Moscow Polytechnic Museum. He joined the Methodology Bureau and the Exhibition Commission, taking part in reconstruction work. He was among the first to create a method for exhibition design whereby each exposition has a script of its content and stylistic direction.

In the early 1930s, during the epoch of Socialist Realism, the Moscow Union of Artists accused Nikritin of formalism. After that his paintings had never been exhibited in Russia. Most of the works and writings from his private archive ended up in the collections of Georgy Kostakis and Igor Savitsky and were divided between the State Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow, the Museum of Modern Art in Thessaloniki and the Karakalpakstan State Museum of Art in Nukus (Uzbekistan). Nowadays Solomon Nikritin is mainly recognized as an avant-garde painter and draughtsman; his art criticism and philosophical theories as well as his experiments in the field of theatrical culture related to the biomechanics of movement and sound are almost entirely forgotten.

Source: monoskop

 

A SQUARE IN MOSCOW By Solomon Nikritin ,1946

A SQUARE IN MOSCOW By Solomon Nikritin ,1946

Artwork by Solomon Nikritin, Self portrait, Made of oil on paper

Artwork by Solomon Nikritin, Self portrait, Made of oil on paper

At the Station

At the Station

At the Theatre

At the Theatre

CHANGE OF SHIFT (1957)

CHANGE OF SHIFT (1957)

Composition “Solitude”. 1927 White paint on carton. 20.7 x 17.8cm

Composition “Solitude”. 1927 White paint on carton. 20.7 x 17.8cm

Example(s) of Auction Records for Solomon Nikritin

Example(s) of Auction Records for Solomon Nikritin

Female Figure

Female Figure

NUDE (1984)

NUDE (1984)

PARIS

PARIS

Portrait of Stalin in military uniform (Circa 1930)

Portrait of Stalin in military uniform (Circa 1930)

Set Design (1920)

Set Design (1920)

Solomon Benediktovich, Study for the painting "The Old and the New", Auktionsverket

Solomon Benediktovich, Study for the painting “The Old and the New”, Auktionsverket

Solomon Borisovich Nikritin, Farewell to the Dead, 1926

Solomon Borisovich Nikritin, Farewell to the Dead, 1926

Solomon Nikritin - Composition (1930)

Solomon Nikritin – Composition (1930)

Solomon Nikritin, Face, 1935

Solomon Nikritin, Face, 1935

Solomon Nikritin, Hombre y nube, 1930

Solomon Nikritin, Hombre y nube, 1930

Solomon Nikritin, Study for People’s Court, early 1930’s

Solomon Nikritin, Study for People’s Court, early 1930’s

Solomon Nikritin‘s “Cartogram of the Theory of Projectionism” 1924

Solomon Nikritin‘s “Cartogram of the Theory of Projectionism” 1924

Street Scene 1930-1939

Street Scene 1930-1939

The Court By Solomon Nikritin ,1930

The Court By Solomon Nikritin ,1930

The old and the new - 1935 Oil on canvas. 178.5 x 216cm

The old and the new – 1935 Oil on canvas. 178.5 x 216cm

The Roofer, circa 1920s

The Roofer, circa 1920s

Three Women (1924)

Three Women (1924)

Untitled

Untitled

Untitled - watercolour on paper

Untitled – watercolour on paper

Пролет 17, станок 52. Кадр к изофильму «О комсомолке-строгальщице Анне Караваевой». 1930. Х.М. 67.5х58. Нижний Новгород.

Пролет 17, станок 52. Кадр к изофильму «О комсомолке-строгальщице Анне Караваевой». 1930. Х.М. 67.5х58. Нижний Новгород.

Advertisements