The brothers Arkady and Boris Strugatsky (alternate spellings: Strugatskiy, Strugatski, Strugatskii) are Soviet Russian science fiction authors who collaborated on their fiction.
The Strugatsky brothers, as they are usually called, are perhaps the best-known Soviet science fiction writers with a well developed fan base. Their early work was influenced by Ivan Yefremov. Their famous novel Piknik na obochine has been translated into English as Roadside Picnic in 1977 and was filmed by Andrei Tarkovsky under the title Stalker.
Several other of their works were translated into German, French, English, and Italian but did not receive the same magnitude of the critical acclaim granted them by their Russian audiences. The Strugatsky brothers, however, were and still are popular in many countries, including Poland, Hungary, Bulgaria, and Germany, where most of their works were available in both East and West Germany.
The brothers were Guests of Honour at the 1987 World Science Fiction Convention, held in Brighton, England.
Several of the books written by the Strugatsky brothers take part in the same universe, known as The World of Noon; another unofficial and perhaps less-known title is the Wanderers Universe. The name is derived from the title of one of their texts, Noon: 22nd Century. The main characteristics of the Noon Universe are: a very high level of social, scientific, and technological development; the creativity of the general population; and the very significant level of societal maturity compared to the modern world. For instance, this world knows no monetary stimulation (indeed, money does not exist), and every person is engaged in a profession that interests him or her. The Earth of the Noon Universe is governed by a global technocratic council composed of the world’s leading scientists and philosophers.
The Universe was described by the authors as the world in which they would like to live and work. It became highly influential for at least a generation of Soviet people, e.g. a person could quote the Strugatsky books and be sure of being understood. At first the authors thought that the Noon Universe would become reality “by itself”, but then they realized that the only way to achieve it is by inventing the High Theory of Upbringing, making the upbringing of each person a unique deed.
One of the important story arcs of those books is how the advanced human civilization covertly steers the development of those considered less advanced. Agents of humans are known as Progressors. At the same time, some humans suspect that a very advanced spacefaring race called Wanderers exists and is ‘progressing’ humanity itself.
1. ‘Hukkunud Alpinisti’ hotell (1979) aka The Dead Mountaineer Hotel
2. Stalker (1979)
3. Charodei (1982) aka The Sorcerer
4. Egymilliárd évvel a világ vége elött (1983)
5. Pisma myortvogo cheloveka (1986) aka Dead Man’s Letters
6. Dni zatmeniya (1988) aka Days of Eclipse
7. Es ist nicht leicht ein Gott zu sein (1989) aka Hard to be a God
8. Iskushenie B. (1990) aka The Temptation of B.
9. Nesmluvená Setkání (1994)
10. Prin to telos tou kosmou (1996)
11. Gadkie lebedi (2006) aka Ugly Swans
12. Obitaemyy ostrov (2008) aka The Inhabited Island
13. Obitaemyy ostrov: Skhvatka (2009) aka The Inhabited Island 2
14. Trudno byt bogom (2013) aka Hard to be a God